- Avant-Garde is a new experimental idea and method in art, music, and literature.
- Nostalgia is a a feeling of of pleasure and also in the past:. It is also an affectionate feeling you have for the past, especially for a particularly happy time.
- Appropriation is an appropriation that is about the amount of money that a government or organization reserves for a purpose.
- Pastiche is a mixture of pieces of writing or music in which the style is copied from somewhere else, or which has a variety of different styles.
- Parody is a humorous piece of writing, drama, or music which imitates the style of a well-known person.
- Irony is the use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning.
- Ideology is the body of doctrine, myth, belief, that guides an individual, social movement, institution, class, or large group.
- Genre is a class or category of film or music having a particular form, content, technique.
Monday, 16 October 2017
In the late 1970s and early 1980s, a group of artists including Cindy Sherman, Richard Prince, and Sherrie Levine dubbed the "Pictures" generation and began using photography to examine the strategies and codes of representation. In reshooting Marlboro advertisements, B-movie stills, and even classics of Modernist photography, these artists adopted dual roles as director and spectator. These artists were not only exposing and dissembling mass-media fictions, but showing complicated scenarios of desire, identification, and loss.
In 1981, Levine photographed reproductions of Depression-era photographs by Walker Evans. The series, entitled After Walker Evans, became a landmark of postmodernism, both praised and attacked as a feminist hijacking of patriarchal authority, and showing the death of modernism. Far from a high-concept cheap shot, Levine’s works from this series tell the story of our hope to create meaning, and recapture the past, and our own lost illusions.
First Plot Point: When serving detention for crashing the Weasley’s flying car, Harry hears a voice that no one else can hear. He follows it and discovers a message, written in blood on the wall: The Chamber of Secrets has been opened. Now he is fully engaged with the main conflict. What was only a shadow before has now become a defined.
First Pinch Point: Harry’s arm is broken during a Quidditch match by a rogue ball that was tampered with. While in hospital, he learns that Dobby the house elf did it to save Harry from further danger.
Midpoint: After learning from Draco that the Chamber was first opened fifty years ago, Harry finds Tom Riddle’s diary and learns that Hagrid was involved with the first opening of the Chamber.
Second Pinch Point: After Hermione is found petrified, Harry and Ron go to Hagrid to find the truth. They hide and watch as Hagrid is arrested by the Minister of Magic, and Lucius reveals that he and the other school governors have called for Dumbledore’s dismissal. Hagrid tells Harry and Ron to follow the spiders. This is a great pinch point and a rat-a-tat emphasis of every single antagonistic force in the story.
Third Plot Point: After the spider tells them he is not the monster in the Chamber, Harry and Ron return to the school to discover that Ron’s little sister Ginny has been captured and taken to die in the Chamber.
Climax: In the underground cavern of the huge basilisk serpent, Harry re-encounters the “memory” of Tom Riddle and discovers that Riddle was, in fact, Voldemort before he changed his name. Riddle is trying to steal Ginny’s life force, so he can return from the dead. Harry fights and kills the basilisk. This destroys Tom Riddles soul and he wakes Ginny and returns out of the Chamber of secrets.
Climactic Moment: Harry kills Voldemort.
1. The whole concept of the film. In modern times, people couldn't or wouldn't have thought about the whole idea of inception. It’s different and the film itself employs deeper thought into the theory of inception.
2. Another postmodern aspect is the way all the characters address each other by their surname and not by their forename.
3. The music has been slowed down. The music to give a slow and distorted sound effect. It has also been mixed so that the two tracks together show the audience the way that they create one song even though they are from different genres.
4. In the film they have used CGI technology to simulate what happens outside the dream. It is shown at the end of the film. This show the van off the bridge after the first 'kick' and they illustrate that in the film by putting the actor Joseph Gordon-Levitt in antigravity.
5. The way the five different grand narratives within the film that interconnect, each using a different genre e.g. sci-fi, action etc to make a new film.
1. The film scream is arguably original for owning its unoriginality. Much of the film contains intertextual references to other works of art and these allusions give the film a postmodern self-awareness.
2. To further demonstrate its postmodern sensibility, the film contains allusions to other works of visual culture. For example, the white mask Ghost face wears pays homage to Edvard Munch’s “The Scream,” an expressionist horror painting from 1893.
3. Another postmodern reference is the plot of Scream as it is not unlike other slasher films: An unknown killer who goes by the name of Ghost face terrorizes the suburban town of Woodsboro, California.
4. One of the ways Craven and the screenwriter Kevin Williamson display the self-referential nature of their film is through the characters’ knowledge of slasher film clichés.
5. It is also about the countless slasher films to have come before Scream. When the main role (Sydney) calls attention to the slasher clichés, it might appear that the director is mocking the genre, until Sidney is attacked by Ghost face a few moments later and she comically runs up the stairs to find safety in her bedroom.
1. Metanarrative is (in postmodernist literary theory) a narrative about a narrative or narratives.
2. Essentialism is a doctrine that uses traditional concepts and skills that are essential to society and should be taught to all students.
3. Utopian is relating to, or resembling Utopia, as an idealized imaginary island.
4. Axiomatic is a pertaining to or of the nature of an axiom; self-evident.
5. Dystopian is a society characterized by human misery, oppression, disease, and overcrowding.
6. Scepticism is a sceptical attitude that has doubt about the truth of something.
7. Relativism shows the doctrine that knowledge, truth, and morality exist in relation to culture, society, or historical context.
8. Pluralism is a form of society in which the members of minority groups maintain their independent cultural traditions.